Cyber security has become a massive talking point in the last few years as technology has continued to advance. With attacks growing in frequency and sophistication, businesses need to protect themselves from this growing threat.
Cyber security, or IT security, is the protection of computer systems and networks from theft, disruption or damage using technologies, processes and controls. Effective cyber security aims to reduce the risk of cyber-attacks and prevent the exploitation of systems, networks and technologies by unauthorised individuals.Cyber-attacks can be particularly damaging to individuals and organisations in terms of financial and reputational damage, as well as data loss and breach. As a result of a cyber-attack, organisations face losing assets, paying regulatory fines and litigation and the cost of remedial work that needs to be carried out. Individuals that face a cyber-attack may suffer from breach of confidential data such as personal information, like home address and banking details, as well as financial loss.The most effective way of mitigating and minimising the effect of a cyber-attack is to ensure cyber security technologies are in place to protect the infrastructure, such as:
Because the risk of cyber-attack is rapidly evolving at a pace that cannot be kept up with, organisations need to constantly monitor their protective mechanisms to ensure they’re up-to-date.
Opportunities in cyber security
There are many careers in cyber security and, with the continually evolving demand for cyber security professionals, it is growing at a rapid pace. Individuals can study cyber security degrees and diplomas before going on to embark on a career in cyber security. Some of the main job titles in cyber security include:
A Security Analyst is responsible for planning and implementing security measures to protect an organisation’s computer networks and systems.
A Security Architect is responsible for designing, building and maintaining the network and computer security of an organisation.
A Cryptanalyst is responsible for analysing and deciphering encrypted data to assist in solving and preventing cyber-attacks and threats.
A Security Engineer is also known as a Security Analyst. They focus on the security aspects during the design of computer networks and systems to prevent attacks and breaches.
A Network Security Administrator is responsible for overseeing and maintaining an organisation's computer network and systems security to ensure they are functioning correctly and up-to-date with the latest security standards.
A Security Consultant will have a wealth of experience and expert knowledge of the security industry. They are responsible for designing and implementing the most effective security solutions for an organisation's purposes and needs.
Security Software Developer
A Security Software Developer is responsible for designing and developing security software from a security perspective to identify potential security threats and ways to mitigate and resolve security issues.
How to start a career in cyber security
Most organisations will require cyber security candidates to have an undergraduate degree or equivalent. Other options to begin your career path in cyber security would be to complete a related cyber security diploma, like those offered by e-Careers. As there are many degrees and diplomas available in cyber security, it is important to make sure the course is accredited and aligns with your career aspirations. To advance your career in cyber security, it is recommended that you complete advanced training. This may involve completing a master's degree which can take one to two years after your undergraduate degree. Cyber security professionals also have the opportunity to earn certifications such as a diploma, whilst they’re working to gain hands-on experience.
Cyber security courses online
There are many awarding bodies and institutions which design, develop and offer accredited courses in cyber security online, including Cisco, CompTIA, and RESILIA™. e-Careers is an approved training provider offering an array of online cyber security courses that enable individuals to learn whilst working full-time or balancing family commitments along with leisure and social activities. Cyber security certification courses include: